Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Myocardial Disease
20-Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic Acid Mediates Isolated Heart Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury by Increasing NADPH Oxidase-Derived Reactive Oxygen Species Production
Yong HanHuiying ZhaoHong TangXinyu LiJiang TanQinghua ZengChengwen Sun
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2013 Volume 77 Issue 7 Pages 1807-1816


Background: It has been reported that 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) aggravates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the exact mechanism of action is still unclear. Methods and Results: Experiments were performed in isolated rat hearts subjected to 35min of ischemia followed by 40min of reperfusion in Langendorff preparations. Perfusion with HET0016, an inhibitor of 20-HETE production, significantly improved I/R-induced reduction in cardiac contractility, myocardial infarction, and myocardial apoptosis. In contrast, administration of 20-HETE aggravated I/R-induced myocardial injury and enhanced apoptosis. I/R significantly increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress, both of which were significantly inhibited by HET0016 and enhanced by 20-HETE administration. Apocynin, an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase, blocked 20-HETE-induced ROS production in the I/R hearts. 20-HETE increased the expression of gp91phox and p22phox, the subunits of NADPH oxidase; and stimulated NADPH oxidase activity. In addition, GF-109203 significantly attenuated the 20-HETE-induced increases in the NADPH oxidase expression and activity. Finally, in the Langendorff I/R preparation, both apocynin and tempol, ROS scavengers, significantly blocked 20-HETE-induced myocardial dysfunction. Conclusions: All of the results demonstrated that in isolated rat hearts 20-HETE stimulates NADPH oxidase-derived superoxide production, which aggravates I/R-induced myocardial injury via a PKC-dependent mechanism.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 1807–1816)

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