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Circulation Journal
Vol. 79 (2015) No. 7 1479-1485




Background:The purpose of this study was to clarify the relation between atrial defibrillation threshold (ADFT) for internal cardioversion (IC) and arrhythmogenicity of the superior vena cava (SVC).Methods and Results:A total of 159 consecutive patients (139 male, age 59.9±10.3 years) who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) were assessed. IC was performed in 50 patients with non-long-standing persistent AF (non-LSAF) with a purpose-built cardioversion catheter in which direct current is delivered between the right atrium and the coronary sinus. SVC arrhythmogenicity was defined as SVC firing initiating AF, SVC associated with maintenance of AF, or frequent ectopy in the SVC. In all 50 non-LSAF patients, AF termination was obtained on IC during the procedure except in 1 patient with SVC AF. In the patients with ADFT >10 J (n=10), SVC arrhythmogenicity was observed more often than in those with ADFT ≤10 J (n=40; 60% vs. 13%; P=0.004). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in left atrial diameter (40.8±7.6 vs. 40.6±6.3 mm; P=0.92), persistent AF (33% vs. 50%; P=0.46), or other clinical parameters. The patients who underwent SVC isolation, however, had higher ADFT before SVC isolation than those who did not (15.5±8.8 vs. 9.2±4.4 J; P=0.01).Conclusions:High IC ADFT is associated with SVC arrhythmogenicity in non-LSAF patients. (Circ J 2015; 79: 1479–1485)


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