2016 Volume 80 Issue 10 Pages 2235-2239
Background:The cause-and-effect relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and stroke has not been widely elucidated. We aimed to determine if HCMV infection has an increased risk of future stroke in hypertensive patients in rural areas of China.
Methods and Results:This was a nested case-control study from a prospective cohort study. A total of 300 newly diagnosed stroke cases with a median follow-up period of 8.4 years and 300 matched controls were selected for the present analysis. Adjusted odds ratio (OR) for stroke associated with HCMV DNA seropositivity was calculated by conditional logistic regression. HCMV DNA was detected in 38 of 300 samples from stroke patients and in 17 of 300 control samples (12.7% vs. 5.7%; P=0.023). Seropositivity for HCMV DNA increased the risk of incident stroke (unadjusted OR, 1.437; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.023–2.020, P=0.037) and adjustment for other potential cardiovascular confounders only slightly changed the OR (1.464; 95% CI, 1.003–2.137, P=0.048). After controlling for potential cardiovascular confounders, the OR for hemorrhagic stroke associated with HCMV DNA was 1.718 (95% CI, 1.042–2.832), whereas the OR for ischemic stroke was 0.450 (95% CI, 0.142–1.428).
Conclusions:Seropositivity for HCMV DNA was positively associated with total and hemorrhagic but not ischemic stroke, which persisted after controlling for other cardiovascular factors. (Circ J 2016; 80: 2235–2239)