2016 Volume 80 Issue 12 Pages 2541-2549
Background:Modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL) binding to scavenger receptors has been implicated in atherosclerosis. It is hypothesized that a third molecule may affect modified LDL binding, therefore, this study focuses on the soluble endogenous protein, developmental endothelial locus-1 (Del-1), as an inhibitor of oxidized LDL (oxLDL) interactions.
Methods and Results:Del-1 preferentially bound oxLDL over native LDL in a cell-free binding assay. Del-1 also inhibited DiI-labeled oxLDL uptake by scavenger receptors irrespective of the receptor type (LOX-1, SR-AI, CD36, or SR-BI) expressed in COS-7 cells, and independent of cell type (human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) or THP-1-derived macrophages). Furthermore, Del-1 suppressed oxLDL-inducedMCP-1andICAM-1expression and endothelin-1 secretion in HCAECs. Then, male Del-1 transgenic (Del-1Tg) and wild-type mice (WT) mice were established and fed a Paigen diet for 20 weeks from the age of 24 weeks. While plasma lipid concentrations did not differ between WT and Del-1Tg mice, plasma LOX-1-ligand activity was significantly lower in Del-1Tg than in WT mice. Moreover, lipid accumulation in aortic roots was significantly less in the Del-1Tg mice, evaluated with Oil red-O. Taken together, Del-1 appears to block the activity of oxLDL pharmacologically by direct binding in vitro, and attenuates atherogenesis in vivo, although its role in physiological settings are yet to be resolved.
Conclusions:Del-1 intercepted oxLDL before its receptor binding to reduce atherogenesis. (Circ J 2016; 80: 2541–2549)