Circulation Journal
Molecular Cardiology
Next Generation Sequencing and Linkage Analysis for the Molecular Diagnosis of a Novel Overlapping Syndrome Characterized by Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and Typical Electrical Instability of Brugada Syndrome
Ruggiero MangoAndrea LuchettiRaffaele SangiuoloValentina FerradiniNicola BrigliaEmiliano GiardinaFabrizio FerrèManuela Helmer CitterichFrancesco RomeoGiuseppe NovelliFederica Sangiuolo
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Volume 80 (2016) Issue 4 Pages 938-949

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Abstract

Background:Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder; mutations in at least 20 genes have been associated. Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder caused by mutations mainly in theSCN5Agene. A new clinical entity that consists of HCM, typical electrical instability of BrS and sudden death (SD), is described.Methods and Results:The family was constituted by 7 members, 4 of who presented clinical features of HCM and electrical instability of BrS. The clinical presentation of proband was ventricular fibrillation. All members were clinically evaluated by physical examination, 12-lead electrocardiography, 2-dimensional echocardiography, stress test, electrocardiogram Holter, flecainide test, and electrophysiological study. An integrated linkage analysis and next generation sequencing (NGS) approach was used to identify the causative mutation. Linkage with the α-tropomyosin (TPM1) gene on chromosome 15q22 was identified. The NGS study identified a missense mutation within theTPM1gene (c.574G>A; p.E192K), exactly located in a binding domain with polycystin-2 protein. No other pathogenic mutations were identified.Conclusions:This is the first report of an association between HCM and BrS, and the first to use a combined approach of linkage and NGS to identify a causative mutation in SD. The present study expands the clinical spectrum of disorders associated with theTPM1gene and may be useful to report novel mechanisms of electrical instability in HCM and BrS. (Circ J 2016; 80: 938–949)

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© 2016 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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