Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Cardiovascular Intervention
Impact of Culprit Plaque and Atherothrombotic Components on Incomplete Stent Apposition in Patients With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Treated With Everolimus-Eluting Stents – An OCTAVIA Substudy –
Chiara BernelliKunihiro ShimamuraKenichi KomukaiDavide CapodannoFrancesco SaiaRoberto GarboFrancesco BurzottaVasile SirbuMicol CoccatoGianluca CampoLuigi VignaliHirosada YamamotoGiampaolo NiccoliElena LadichGiuseppe Biondi-ZoccaiGiulio Guagliumi
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2016 Volume 80 Issue 4 Pages 895-905

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Abstract

Background:The role of culprit plaque and related atherothrombotic components on incomplete stent apposition (ISA) occurrence after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) is unknown.Methods and Results:ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients undergoing p-PCI with an everolimus-eluting stent were prospectively investigated with optical coherence tomography (OCT) of the infarct-related artery before, after stenting and at 9 months. OCT data, aspirated thrombus and serum inflammatory biomarkers were analyzed. 114 patients with 114 lesions were evaluated. Acute ISA occurred in 82 lesions (71.9%), preferentially in larger vessels with a median area of 0.2 mm2. The presence of thrombus before stent implantation (odds ratio (OR) 5.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.1–26.9], P=0.04) and the lipid content in the target segment (OR 1.3, 95% CI [1.0–1.5], P=0.04) independently predicted acute ISA. At 9-month follow-up, ISA persisted in 46 lesions (56.1%). The volume of acute ISA significantly predicted persistent ISA (OR 1.3, 95% CI [1.1–1.5], P=0.01). Late-acquired ISA occurred in 39 lesions (34.2%) with a median area of 0.3 mm2. Red/mixed thrombus before stent implantation (OR 3.7, 95% CI [1.0–13.3], P=0.05) and length of the underlying ruptured plaque (OR 1.7, 95% CI [1.1–2.8] P=0.02) were independently associated with late-acquired ISA.Conclusions:In STEMI patients, culprit plaque and atherothrombotic components of the infarct-related artery significantly contribute to the onset of acute and late ISA. ISA persistence at follow-up depends on the initial volume of acute ISA. (Circ J 2016; 80: 895–905)

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© 2016 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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