2016 Volume 80 Issue 9 Pages 1937-1945
Background:To determine the predictors of aggravated left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) and to compare late outcomes according to the aggravated LVDD.
Methods and Results:OPCAB was performed in 1,101 patients (2001–2013). LVDD was classified as normal, mild, moderate or severe. Patients were divided into 2 groups: non-aggravated LVDD (group I) and aggravated LVDD (group II). The primary endpoint was aggravation of LVDD. The secondary endpoint was late mortality and morbidity such as major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) related to LVDD aggravation postoperatively. There were 894 patients in group I and 207 in group II. Multivariate analysis revealed that preoperative peripheral artery obstructive disease (PAOD) (P=0.04), renal failure (P<0.01), and A′ velocity (P<0.01) anticipated aggravated LVDD. The Cox hazards model revealed that aggravated LVDD was a poor prognostic factor for MACCE (P<0.01) and overall survival (P<0.01). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that aggravated LVDD was related to poor late outcomes (freedom from MACCE, P=0.01; overall survival, P<0.01).
Conclusions:Aggravated LVDD significantly affects late clinical outcomes after OPCAB and preoperative PAOD, renal failure, and A′ velocity might be predictors. (Circ J 2016; 80: 1937–1945)