2017 Volume 81 Issue 8 Pages 1174-1182
Background:Several studies have reported that colchicine attenuated the infarct size and inflammation in acute myocardial infarction (MI). However, the sustained benefit of colchicine administration on survival and cardiac function after MI is unknown. It was hypothesized that the short-term treatment with colchicine could improve survival and cardiac function during the recovery phase of MI.
Methods and Results:MI was induced in mice by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. Mice were then orally administered colchicine 0.1 mg/kg/day or vehicle from 1 h to day 7 after MI. Colchicine significantly improved survival rate (colchicine, n=48: 89.6% vs. vehicle, n=51: 70.6%, P<0.01), left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (5.0±0.2 vs. 5.6±0.2 mm, P<0.05) and ejection fraction (41.5±2.1 vs. 23.8±3.1%, P<0.001), as assessed by echocardiogram compared with vehicle at 4 weeks after MI. Heart failure development as pulmonary edema assessed by wet/dry lung weight ratio (5.0±0.1 vs. 5.5±0.2, P<0.01) and B-type natriuretic peptide expression in the heart was attenuated in the colchicine group at 4 weeks after MI. Histological and gene expression analysis revealed colchicine significantly inhibited the infiltration of neutrophils and macrophages, and attenuated the mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and NLRP3 inflammasome components in the infarcted myocardium at 24 h after MI.
Conclusions:Short-term treatment with colchicine successfully attenuated pro-inflammatory cytokines and NLRP3 inflammasome, and improved cardiac function, heart failure, and survival after MI.