2018 Volume 82 Issue 11 Pages 2707-2714
Background: Mutation in the lamin A/C gene (LMNA) is associated with several cardiac phenotypes, such as cardiac conduction disorders (CCD), atrial arrhythmia (AA), malignant ventricular arrhythmia (MVA) and left ventricular dysfunction (LVD), leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD) and/or end-stage heart failure. We investigated how these phenotypes are associated with each other and which of them are most important for total mortality.
Methods and Results: A multicenter registry included 110 LMNA mutation carriers (age, 43±15 years, male: 62%) from 60 families. After genetic diagnosis of LMNA mutation (missense: 27%, non-missense: 73%), patients or subjects were followed to evaluate the manifestations of their phenotypes and the risk of total mortality; 90 patients could be followed (median: 5 [0–35] years). Prevalence of the 4 clinical phenotypes was significantly increased during follow-up. Among these phenotypes, AA was significantly associated with MVA. CCD was significantly associated with LVD. LVD, meanwhile, was significantly associated with CCD and MVA. Male sex was significantly associated with MVA. Furthermore, during follow-up, 17 patients died: 12 end-stage heart failure, 4 SCD and 1 stroke. LVD was the only independent predictor for all-cause death (OR: 41.7, 95% CI: 4.1–422.3; P=0.0016).
Conclusions: Several cardiac phenotypes were age-dependently increased in LMNA mutation carriers, suggesting that ICD or CRT-D could suppress SCD after middle age; however, LVD leading to end-stage heart failure was the only independent predictor for total mortality.