2019 Volume 83 Issue 2 Pages 401-409
Background: We used dual Doppler echocardiography to measure the time interval between the mitral and tricuspid valve opening (MO-TO time), which we expected would reflect the balance between left and right ventricular hemodynamics.
Methods and Results: We prospectively enrolled 60 patients with heart failure (HF) and sinus rhythm. The MO-TO time was measured in addition to routine echocardiography parameters, invasive hemodynamic parameters and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) level in all patients. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the MO-TO time: MOP (mitral opening preceding tricuspid opening), and TOP (tricuspid opening preceding mitral opening) groups. We followed up the predefined adverse outcomes (cardiovascular [CV] death and hospitalization due to worsening HF) for 1 year. Pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) were higher in the MOP than in the TOP group (P<0.001; P<0.001, respectively). The probability of an adverse CV outcome was higher in the MOP than in the TOP group (log-rank test; P=0.002). Addition of MOP improved the predictive power of univariate predictors (mitral E/A ratio and BNP) in the bivariate Cox analysis (P=0.017, P=0.024, respectively).
Conclusions: MOP reflects pulmonary hypertension caused by left heart disease and has prognostic value in predicting adverse CV events in patients with HF.