2021 Volume 85 Issue 10 Pages 1885-1891
Background:Effects of rapid electrical defibrillation and β-blockade on coronary ischemia/reperfusion-induced ventricular fibrillation (VF) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remain unknown.
Methods and Results:After induction of VF by 30 min of ischemia followed by reperfusion, animals were treated with defibrillation alone (Group A, n=13), 2 min of open-chest cardiac massage followed by defibrillation (Group B, n=11), or the same therapy to Group B with propranolol (1 mg/kg, i.v.) treatment before ischemia/reperfusion (Group C, n=11). If return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was not attained, each therapy was repeated ≤3 times (Set-1). When ROSC was not obtained within Set-1, cardiac massage was applied to all animals followed by defibrillation, which was repeated ≤3 times (Set-2). ROSC after Set-1 was 8% in Group A, 82% in Group B and 82% in Group C, whereas that after Set-2 was 62% in Group A, 100% in Group B and 82% in Group C. Each animal with ROSC in Groups A (n=8) and B (n=11) showed sinus rhythm, whereas those in Group C (n=9) had sinus rhythm (n=5), atrial fibrillation (n=1), accelerated idioventricular rhythm (n=2) and atrioventricular block (n=1). Post ROSC heart rate and mean arterial pressure were significantly lower in Group C.
Conclusions:Cardiac massage increased the likelihood of ROSC vs. rapid defibrillation, but β-blocker pretreatment may worsen hemodynamics and electrical stability after ROSC.