Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Basic Science
Artificially Created Reentry Circuit by Laser Irradiation Causes Atrial Tachycardia to Persist in Murine Atria
Shunpei HoriiHirotaka YadaKei ItoKazuhiro TsujitaAyumu OsakiKazuki KagamiAtsushi SatoToyokazu KimuraRisako YasudaTakumi ToyaTakayuki NambaYuji NagatomoYasuo IdoKoji MiyazakiNobuyuki MasakiMiya IshiharaBonpei TakaseTakeshi Adachi
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Supplementary material

2022 Volume 86 Issue 2 Pages 319-329


Background:There is a gradual progression from paroxysmal to persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) in humans. To elucidate the mechanism involved, the creation of an artificial atrial substrate to persist AF in mice was attempted.

Methods and Results:This study used wild type (WT) mice, but it is difficult to induce AF in them. A novel antegrade perfusion method from the left ventricle (LV) to enlarge both atria for artificial atrial modification was proposed in this study. Short duration AF was induced by burst pacing under this method. Optical mapping analysis revealed non-sustained focal type and meandering spiral reentrants after short duration AF. A tiny artificial substrate (~1.2 mm in diameter) was added in by laser irradiation to create a critical atrial arrhythmogenic substrate. Burst pacing was performed in a non-laser group (n=8), a circular-shape laser group (n=8), and a wedge-shaped dent laser group (n=8). We defined AF and atrial tachycardia (AT) as atrial arrhythmia (AA). Long-lasting AA was defined as lasting for ≥30 min. Long-lasting AA was observed in 0/8, 0/8, and 6/8 (75%) mice in each group. Optical mapping analysis revealed that the mechanism was AT with a stationary rotor around the irradiated margin.

Conclusions:Regrettably, this study failed to reproduce persistent AF, but succeeded in creating an arrhythmic substrate that causes sustained AT in WT mice.

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