Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Vascular Disease
Epidemiology of Acute Aortic Dissection in a General Population of 1.4 Million People in Japan ― Shiga Stroke and Heart Attack Registry ―
Yosuke HigoYuichi SawayamaNaoyuki TakashimaAkiko HaradaYuichiro YanoTakashi YamamotoWataru ShioyamaTakako FujiiSachiko Tanaka-MizunoYoshikuni KitaKatsuyuki MiuraKazuhiko NozakiTomoaki SuzukiYoshihisa Nakagawa
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2023 Volume 87 Issue 9 Pages 1155-1161


Background: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is a life-threatening cardiovascular disease, with a reported incidence rate ranging from 2.5 to 7.2 per 100,000 person-years in several population-based registries in Western countries, but epidemiological data are lacking in Japan.

Methods and Results: The Shiga Stroke and Heart Attack Registry is an ongoing multicenter population-based registry of cerebro-cardiovascular diseases. We enrolled patients who developed AAD, defined by any imaging examination method from 2014 to 2015 in Shiga Prefecture. Death certificates were used to identify cases that were not registered at acute care hospitals. The incidence rates of AAD were calculated by age categories and adjusted using standard populations for comparison. We evaluated differences in patient characteristics between Stanford type A-AAD and type B-AAD subtypes. A total of 402 incident cases with AAD were analyzed. The age-adjusted incidence rates using the 2015 Japanese population and the 2013 European Standard Population were 15.8 and 12.2 per 100,000 person-years, respectively. Compared with cases of type B-AAD, those with type A-AAD were older (75.0 vs. 69.9 years, P=0.001) and more likely to be women (62.3% vs. 28.6%, P<0.001).

Conclusions: Population-based incidence rates of AAD in Japan appear to be higher than in previous reports from Western countries. Incident cases with type A-AAD were older and female predominance.

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