Article ID: CJ-19-0624
At present, atherosclerosis is one of the most important field in clinical and research medicine. Because it is closely related to cardiovascular (CV) and endocrine disorders such as coronary artery disease, cardiometabolic disorders, much research on how to manage atherosclerosis has been performed. The low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentration has been established as an independent risk factor for developing atherosclerosis, and considerable effort has been committed to educating both physicians and the general public on the importance of lowering LDL-C with statins. Although statins have already significantly improved CV outcomes, patients with LDL-C target levels achieved by intense statin therapy still have significant remaining CV risk. Statins already play a central role in managing hyperlipidemia; however, residual risk with statins is an important field of managing remaining CV risk. Recent studies have suggested residual cholesterol and inflammation risks in causing CV events. In the current review, we will discuss residual risk and suggest strategies to overcome it in the statins era.