2020 Volume 2 Issue 7 Pages 372-377
Background:The Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) is a simple tool for assessing nutritional risk that predicts prognosis in patients with heart failure. This study evaluated associations between the GNRI at first hospitalization and prognosis in patients with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and those with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).
Methods and Results:This retrospective investigation included 104 patients with either PAH or CTEPH who were treated at Kagoshima University Hospital in Japan. Patients were divided into a high (≥92) and low (<92) GNRI groups. Body mass index and serum albumin levels were significantly lower in the low GNRI group (P<0.001). Over a median follow-up period of 24 months, the incidence of pulmonary hypertension rehospitalization was higher in the low GNRI group (P=0.04). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the cumulative event-free rate was significantly lower in the low GNRI group (P=0.002). Low GNRI was significantly associated with a poorer outcome after adjusting for different sets of confounding factors, including: age and sex (P=0.004); age, sex, and PAH (P=0.043); and age, sex, and mean pulmonary artery pressure (P=0.003).
Conclusions:The GNRI at first hospitalization is useful for predicting prognosis in PAH and CTEPH patients.