2020 Volume 2 Issue 8 Pages 440-445
Background:Post hoc analysis was used to investigate the effects of renal function on the efficacy and safety of landiolol using data from the J-Land II study, which evaluated landiolol in patients with hemodynamically unstable ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF) who were refractory to Class III antiarrhythmic drugs.
Methods and Results:Patient data from the J-Land II study (n=29) were stratified by renal function (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <45 and ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2) and analyzed. Continuous landiolol infusion (1 μg/kg/min, i.v.) was initiated after VT/VF was suppressed with electrical defibrillation; subsequent dose adjustments were made (1–40 μg/kg/min). The primary efficacy endpoint was the proportion of patients free from recurrent VT/VF during the assessment period. Safety endpoints were also assessed. In the eGFR <45 and ≥45 mL/min/1.73 m2groups, the median doses of landiolol during the assessment period were 9.44 and 8.97 μg/kg/min, the proportions of patients free from recurrent VT/VF were 69.2% and 81.8%, and adverse events occurred in 9 and 10 of 13 patients in each group, respectively. There were no apparent differences in the efficacy or safety of landiolol between the 2 groups.
Conclusions:The data suggest that renal function may not affect the efficacy and safety of landiolol for hemodynamically unstable VT or VF.