Article ID: CR-23-0062
Background: Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is a useful modality in diagnosing the origin of cardiomyopathy and the condition of the impaired myocardium. However, the usefulness of obtaining an EMB from the right and left ventricles (RV and LV, respectively), and its associations with echocardiographic parameters, have not been explored.
Methods and Results: Ninety-five consecutive patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy excluding myocarditis who underwent EMB between July 2017 and May 2019 were studied. Seventy-nine RV and 93 LV biopsy specimens were pathologically analyzed. The relationships among echocardiographic data before EMB and pathologically measured cardiomyocyte diameter (CMD) and interstitial fibrosis (IF) were evaluated. CMD in both LV and RV specimens correlated with echocardiographic LV morphology, but only CMD in the LV was significantly correlated with cardiac function evaluation, including LV ejection fraction, E′ and E/E′. In contrast, there were no significant correlations between IF in either the LV or RV and any echocardiographic parameters measured. Furthermore, CMD of both ventricles was significantly correlated with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration at EMB, whereas IF of the LV was barely related and IF of the RV was not significantly correlated with BNP concentrations.
Conclusions: Pathologically evaluated CMD of EMB specimens of the LV may be more related to functional parameters for heart failure status and LV geometry on echocardiographic examination, than IF.