Series of pyrazole ester prodrugs analogues have been synthesized and found to contain highly potent inhibitors of the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) enzyme. The paper describes synthesis of the target pyrazole analogues. The structure of the synthesized mutual ester prodrugs (6—8c) were confirmed by 1H-, 13C-NMR mass spectroscopy (MS) and their purity were ascertained by TLC and elemental analyses. The biological in vivo evaluation of these compounds in experimental models (carrageenan-induced oedema) proved the presence of anti-inflammatory activity. Docking studies into the catalytic site of COX-2 were used to identify potential anti-inflammatory lead compounds. One lead derivative was chosen endowed with good binding energies.
2010 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan