Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5223
Print ISSN : 0009-2363
ISSN-L : 0009-2363
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Effect of Surfactants and Thickeners on the Stability of Menthol–Diphenhydramine Cream Identified by Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Yoshinori Onuki Masamitsu YokokawaShunichi UtsumiYasuko ObataYoshiaki MachidaChieko SeikeYoshihiro HayashiKozo Takayama
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2016 年 64 巻 11 号 p. 1616-1621


A menthol–diphenhydramine cream is prepared in hospital pharmacies and then prescribed to patients for the treatment of pruritus associated with chronic kidney disease. The purpose of this study is to design a stable formulation without any concern about phase separation during its clinical use on patients. As a preventive measure against phase separation, various surfactants and thickeners were incorporated into the creams. The test creams were stored at 40°C, and then their phase separation behaviors were monitored. The key technology was magnetic resonance imaging T2 mapping. From the T2 maps, some surfactants showed a certain stabilizing effect. In addition, the data analysis using Kohonen’s self-organizing map revealed that hydrophilic–lipophilic balance of the surfactant is an important factor for the stabilizing effects of the surfactants. However, as a whole, the effect of surfactant was not sufficient to improve completely the low stability. By contrast, the creams were significantly stabilized by addition of thickeners. In particular, the stabilizing effect of carbomer Hiviswako105® (H105) was very high; no phase separation was observed from the cream containing H105 even after 30 d storage at 40°C. This study also verified the combination effect of surfactants and thickeners on the improvement of the emulsion stability. In conclusion, we successfully established a stable formulation of menthol–diphenhydramine cream.

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© 2016 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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