2016 Volume 64 Issue 2 Pages 96-103
Mast cells and basophils play important roles in both immediate- and late-phase reactions of type 1 allergy. Histamine, which is released from mast cells and basophils stimulated by an antigen or degranulation inducers, is usually determined as a degranulation marker in experiments on immediate allergic reactions in vitro. β-Hexosaminidase is also stored in secretory granules of the cells and is released concomitantly with histamine when the cells are immunologically activated, and recently this enzyme activity in the medium has been used as a marker of the degranulation. In this paper, we review our studies on the search for degranulation inhibitors, such as flavonoids, stilbenes, and curcuminoids, from medicinal plants using rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells.