Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5223
Print ISSN : 0009-2363
ISSN-L : 0009-2363
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Prolonged Distribution of Tranilast in the Eyes after Topical Application onto Eyelid Skin
Gerard Lee SeeFlorencio Arce Jr.Shoko ItakuraHiroaki TodoKenji Sugibayashi
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2020 Volume 68 Issue 8 Pages 779-783

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Abstract

Tranilast, a lipophilic drug with various ophthalmic applications, was used as a model drug to establish the possibility of delivering lipophilic drugs through the eyelid skin. Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution studies were conducted employing three application methods (topical application onto eyelid skin, eye drops, and intravenous injection in rats) to broaden the significance of delivering drugs through the eyelids. A two-compartment open model analysis was used for intravenous route while a non-compartmental evaluation was used for topical applications to estimate the pharmacokinetic parameters. Eyelid skin application, eye drops, and intravenous administration had mean residence times (MRTs) of 8.07, 1.79, and 3.25 h in the eyeball and 10.8, 1.29, and 2.97 h in the conjunctiva, correspondingly. In the eyeball, topical application of tranilast onto the eyelids corresponded to a 4.5- and 2.5-fold higher MRT compared with eye drops and intravenous administration, respectively. An 8.4- or 3.6-fold higher MRT was observed in the conjunctiva after topical application compared with eye drops or intravenous administration, respectively. This indicated a gradual penetration of tranilast into the eyeball and conjunctiva, subsequently a slow elimination from these target tissues.

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© 2020 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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