2021 Volume 69 Issue 1 Pages 150-154
Two new megastigmane glucosides namely trewiosides A (1) and B (2), along with 20α-hydroxypregn-4-en-3-one β-D-glucopyranoside (3), sugeroside (4), and schizandriside (5) were isolated from the branches and leaves of Alchornea trewioides. The structure elucidation was confirmed by extensive analysis of the one and two dimensional (1 and 2D) NMR, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) as well as high resolution electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight (HR-ESI-QTOF) mass spectra. Noteworthily, the isolation of compounds 1 and 2 represents the second finding of megastigmane derivatives with a methoxycarbonyl group at C-5 to date. In addition, compound 3 showed weak cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines as A549 (lung carcinoma), HepG2 (hepatocarcinoma), and MCF7 (breast carcinoma). Besides, compounds 2 and 3 exhibited moderate inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW264.7 cells. Whereas, the remaining compounds 1, 4 and 5 showed weak inhibitory activity.