2023 Volume 71 Issue 1 Pages 58-63
Understanding the characteristics of crystal polymorphism of active pharmaceutical ingredients and analyzing them with high sensitivity is important for quality of drug products, appropriate characterization strategies, and appropriate screening and selection processes. However, there are few methods to measure intra- and intermolecular correlations in crystals other than X-ray crystallography, for which it is sometimes difficult to obtain suitable single crystals. Recently, solid-state NMR has been recognized as a straightforward method for measuring molecular correlations. In this study, we selected ranitidine hydrochloride, which is known to exist in two forms, 1 and 2, as the model drug and investigated each form using solid-state NMR. In conducting the analysis, rotating the sample tube, which had a 1-mm inner diameter, increased the solid-state NMR resolution at 70 kHz. The 1H–14N dipolar-based heteronuclear multiple quantum coherence (D-HMQC) analysis revealed the intermolecular correlation of Form 1 between the N atom of the nitro group and a proton of the furan moiety, which were closer than those of the intramolecular correlation reported using single X-ray crystal analysis. Thus, 1H–14N D-HMQC analysis could be useful for characterizing intermolecular interaction in ranitidine hydrochloride crystals. In addition, we reassigned the 13C solid-state NMR signals of ranitidine hydrochloride according to the liquid-state and multiple solid-state NMR experiments.