Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5223
Print ISSN : 0009-2363
Synthesis of the Metabolites of Afloqualone and Related Compounds
YOSHIHISA YAMADAMINEZO OTSUKAJUNICHI TANITOYONARI OINE
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1983 Volume 31 Issue 4 Pages 1158-1165

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Abstract

Seven main metabolites (3-9) of afloqualone (1, 6-amino-2-fluoromethyl-3-(o-tolyl)-4 (3H)-quinazolinone and related 4 (3H)-quinazolinone derivatives were synthesized. The metabolites 4 and 5 containing a sulfur atom were prepared by the reaction of 6-acetamido-2-chloromethyl-3-(o-tolyl)-4 (3H)-quinazolinone (11) with NaSCH3 followed by oxidation with H2O2. Reaction of 11 and N-acetyl-L-cysteine gave the mercapturic acid-conjugated metabolite 6. Condensation of 2-fluoroacetamido-5-nitrobenzoic acid (19) and 2-amino-benzyl alcohol (20) with dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) in the presence of 1-hydroxy-benzotriazole afforded 2-fluoromethyl-3-(o-hydroxymethylphenyl)-6-nitro-4 (3H)-quinazolinone (21), which was converted to the metabolites 7 and 8. Treatment of the 2-bromomethyl-4 (3H)-quinazolinone (24) with AgBF4-H2O in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) gave the 2-hydroxymethyl metabolite 9. None of the main metabolites (2-9) showed significant central nervous system depressant activity.

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