2015 Volume 40 Issue 1 Pages 1-12
Protein kinase A (PKA) is a serine/threonine kinase whose activity depends on the levels of cyclic AMP (cAMP). PKA plays essential roles in numerous cell types such as myocytes and neurons. Numerous substrate screens have been attempted to clarify the entire scope of the PKA signaling cascade, but it is still underway. Here, we performed a comprehensive screen that consisted of immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry, with a focus on the identification of PKA substrates. The lysate of HeLa cells treated with Forskolin (FSK)/3-isobutyl methyl xanthine (IBMX) and/or H-89 was subjected to immunoprecipitation using anti-phospho-PKA substrate antibody. The identity of the phosophoproteins and phosphorylation sites in the precipitants was determined using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). We obtained 112 proteins as candidate substrates and 65 candidate sites overall. Among the candidate substrates, Rho-kinase/ROCK2 was confirmed to be a novel substrate of PKA both in vitro and in vivo. In addition to Rho-kinase, we found more than a hundred of novel candidate substrates of PKA using this screen, and these discoveries provide us with new insights into PKA signaling.