Dental Materials Journal
Online ISSN : 1881-1361
Print ISSN : 0287-4547
Original Papers
Radiopacity of composite dental materials using a digital X-ray system
Walter DUKICBarbara DELIJADoria DEROSSIIvana DADIC
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2012 Volume 31 Issue 1 Pages 47-53

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the radiopacity of 32 current dental composite materials with digital technique. Digital radiographs with CCD sensor along with an aluminum step wedge, 1-mm-thick tooth slice and 1mm thick composite specimen were taken in five different combinations of exposition/voltage. The radiopacity in pixels was determined using Digora 2.6. software. The equivalent in thickness of aluminum for each material was then calculated from the calibration curve. 74.9% of all tested materials in all exposure combinations had radiopacity between 2 mm and 4 mm aluminum equivalent. The radiopacity of composites ranged from 0.61 mm Al (Gradia Direct Anterior) to 4.78 mm Al (Te-Econom). The average radiopacity for enamel and dentine was 2.05 and 1.11 mm Al. The use of digital technique for radiopacity is an easy, reliable, fast and precise way to analyze different dental materials. Most of the tested composite materials fulfill the requested criteria for radiopacity with a few exceptions.

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© 2012 The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices
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