2017 Volume 36 Issue 5 Pages 573-583
Three-dimensional collagen scaffolds coated with beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) nanoparticles reportedly exhibit good bioactivity and biodegradability. Dose effects of β-TCP nanoparticles on biocompatibility and bone forming ability were then examined. Collagen scaffold was applied with 1, 5, 10, and 25 wt% β-TCP nanoparticle dispersion and designated TCP1, TCP5, TCP10, and TCP25, respectively. Compressive strength, calcium ion release and enzyme resistance of scaffolds with β-TCP nanoparticles applied increased with β-TCP dose. TCP5 showed excellent cell-ingrowth behavior in rat subcutaneous tissue. When TCP10 was applied, osteoblastic cell proliferation and rat cranial bone augmentation were greater than for any other scaffold. The bone area of TCP10 was 7.7-fold greater than that of non-treated scaffold. In contrast, TCP25 consistently exhibited adverse biological effects. These results suggest that the application dose of β-TCP nanoparticles affects the scaffold bioproperties; consequently, the bone conductive ability of TCP10 was remarkable.