2020 Volume 39 Issue 4 Pages 639-647
This study investigated the efficacy of copper (Cu) as an antibacterial element incorporated on titanium (Ti) surface by electrochemical treatment. Cu was incorporated onto Ti surface by micro-arc oxidation (MAO). A small amount of Cu was incorporated into the oxide layer and was found to be in oxidized states. Cu-incorporated samples exhibited no-harmful effect on the proliferation of osteoblastlike cells. Moreover, the difference in antibacterial property between fresh and incubated samples was evaluated using gram-positive and gram-negative facultative anaerobic bacteria. The specific antibacterial property of Cu incorporated into the Ti surface were confirmed. The antibacterial property prolonged upon immersion in physiological saline for 28 days. In other words, MAO-treated Ti containing Cu in this study is expected to achieve long-term antibacterial property in practical usage.