Article ID: 2017-376
The effects of contamination and cleaning methods on bonding of self-adhesive resin cement to zirconia ceramics were examined. Airborne particle-abraded zirconia (Zpex Smile) specimens were divided into the following four groups: control (con), contaminated with saliva and cleaned with tap water (HS), cleaned with Ivoclean (IC), and cleaned with Multi Etchant (ME). The pretreated specimens were bonded using three self-adhesive resin cements, and tensile bond strengths were measured using a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 2 mm/min. Con and IC groups showed significantly higher bond strength than those of HS and ME groups. Separately, the surface chemical composition of the groups was determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XPS revealed that the N/Zr ratio increased in the HS group but decreased in the IC and ME groups. Cleaning agents can improve the adverse effect of saliva contamination on zirconia, but this effect varies depending on the product.