教育社会学研究
Online ISSN : 2185-0186
Print ISSN : 0387-3145
ISSN-L : 0387-3145
ソーシャライゼイション
調査研究のためのひとつの試論
山村 健
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ジャーナル フリー

1966 年 21 巻 p. 105-117,en242

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Socialization is defined as the process of individual's taking the adult role. Then, the first problem of this treatise is to clarify the adult role behaviors which constitute the adult role. As the adult role behaviors, there can be thought the following variables.
1) basic habit of life 2) self-control 3) moral behavior 4) habit of labor 5) independent behavior 6) basic manner of human relation 7) intellectual skills 8) Sexual behavior 9) cultural behavior 10) economic behavior 11) political behavior.
These eleven adult role behaviors are classified into two categories: the right behaviors and the obligation behaviors.
On studying the process of socialization, we should take two different approaches. One is that of scope and the other is that of sequence. The central problem of the first approach is the role conflict between parents' role expectation and child's role taking. In the case of the second approach of sequence, it is useful to suppose two ideal types of socialization, the continuity type and the discontinuity type. In the continuity type, parents' adult role expectation is begun at early childhood and the continuity of role expectation is assured. But in the discontinuity type, the child is expected not the adult role but the child role. Therefore the adult role must be expected to child later at puberty suddenly. In this case, the discontinuity of role expectation is inevitable. Many acute problems which peculiar to adolescence are thought to appear in this latter case.

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