1966 年 21 巻 p. 82-85,en244
Reference group theory emphasizes that socialization implies the process of internalization of social norms: It is not merely the learning of a social behavior. Therefore, as Yamamura repeatedly puts it, a researcher who is concerned with socialization in family should begin his study with determining the subject of socialization to deal with.
This assertion seems persuasive and highly suggestive under the present state of family research in Japan. We psychologists, however, feel that another aspect of socialization is equally important and worthwhile for serious consideration when a researcher plans his survey design. Soci-a lization is a kind of learning. Internalization by a child of values or norms of a group to which his family belongs (actually or subjectively) is a complex type of learning and the child-rearing behavior of parents is aimed at controlling this learning process. If socialization in family is described in terms of learning theory, then, it may be possible to integrate survey data on family and laboratory studies on social reinforcement and imita. tive learning.