2011 Volume 8 Issue 12 Pages 908-915
This paper describes the design and realization of a multi-mode tracking feed antenna system, for a circularly polarized wave, which can generate sum and difference patterns suitable for monopulse tracking in remote sensing earth stations. It uses TE11 and TE21 modes, in a smooth circular waveguide, to obtain the sum and difference patterns. The higher order mode, TE21 generated within the feed is separated from the fundamental mode, TE11 by using a mode coupler. Circular polarization is converted to linear polarization by pin polarizer septum. The design of the multimode corrugated horn and polarizer are described in some details. The prototyped horn designed here operates in the frequency range of 7.2-8.8GHz. Sum and delta patterns and polarizer axial ratio are presented. The close agreement between measured and simulated data validates the present design.