Endocrine Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-4540
Print ISSN : 0918-8959
ISSN-L : 0918-8959
ORIGINALS
Lessons Learnt from Influences of the Marmara Earthquake on Glycemic Control and Quality of Life in People with Type 1 Diabetes
Ahmet SENGÜLEmel ÖZERSerpil SALMANFatih SALMANZuhal SAGLAMMehmet SARGINSükrü HATUNIlhan SATMANTemel YILMAZ
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2004 Volume 51 Issue 4 Pages 407-414

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Abstract

To examine the short- and long-term influences of the Marmara earthquake, which occurred on August 17, 1999 in Turkey, on glycemic control and quality of life (QOL), HbA1c, insulin requirement and QOL of 88 people with type 1 diabetes living in the quake zone were evaluated one year before (PreE), 3 months after (PostE) and one year after (FE) the earthquake. HbA1c levels and daily insulin requirements increased significantly at PostE (HbA1c from 7.4 ± 1.3% to 8.5 ± 1.8%, p<0.05; insulin from 0.58 ± 0.2 IU/kg/day to 0.77 ± 0.2 IU/kg/day, p<0.05). Mean total QOL scores at PostE were significantly lower than the scores obtained at PreE (62.7 ± 17.3 vs 74.2 ± 13.4, p<0.001). There were no significant differences between HbA1c levels and total QOL scores at PreE and FE. People with type 1 diabetes living in the same house after the earthquake and not having enough food supply were reported to have lower QOL than people moving to another house and having enough food supply after the earthquake (p = 0.014, p<0.0001, respectively). The Marmara Earthquake had a negative impact on the glycemic control and QOL of the subjects with type 1 diabetes for the short term but prequake scores might be achieved after a long period.

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