Endocrine Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-4540
Print ISSN : 0918-8959
ISSN-L : 0918-8959
ORIGINALS
Short-term Preoperative Octreotide Treatment of GH-secreting Pituitary Adenoma: Predictors of Tumor Shrinkage
Satoru OSHINOYouichi SAITOHSoji KASAYAMANorio ARITATakanori OHNISHIHaruhiko KOHARAShuichi IZUMOTOToshiki YOSHIMINE
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2006 Volume 53 Issue 1 Pages 125-132

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Abstract

We reviewed the cases of 32 patients with growth hormone (GH)-secreting macroadenoma who underwent short-term octreotide treatment before transsphenoidal surgery to determine which types of adenoma the preoperative treatment were sensitive and whether predictors of tumor shrinkage could be identified. The effects of preoperative octreotide treatment, endocrinologic effect and effect on tumor volume in 32 patients were evaluated retrospectively in relation to tumor features on magnetic resonance images and responses to endocrinologic challenge tests. At a daily dose of 300 μg for 2-3 weeks, octreotide reduced serum GH and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels to 31.9 % and 51.6% of pretreatment values, respectively, and led to a mean tumor volume of 68% of pretreatment volume in 52% of the patients. The endocrinologic effect and the effect on tumor volume were larger in Knosp grades 0-2 than in Knosp grades 3-4. Tumor shrinkage occurred significantly more often among patients that had a good response to both octreotide and bromocriptine challenge tests. For surgical removal of the tumor, the effect of reducing tumor to 68% of pretreatment volume will be beneficial for the macroadenomas of Knosp grades 1-2. Preoperative short-term octreotide treatment is effective for GH-secreting macroadeomas of Knosp grades 1-2 and a good response to both octreotide and bromocriptine challenge tests is a predictor of subsequent tumor shrinkage. These results will lead to more effective selection of patients for preoperative octreotide treatment.

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© The Japan Endocrine Society
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