2012 Volume 59 Issue 8 Pages 717-723
Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is a multifactorial disease with a genetic susceptibility and environmental factors. The thyroid stimulating hormone receptor gene (TSHR) which is expressed on the surface of the thyroid epithelial cell is thought to be the main auto-antigen and a significant candidate for genetic susceptibility to AITD. This case-control study aimed at evaluating the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of TSHR and AITD in a Chinese Han population. We recruited 404 patients with Graves’ disease (GD), 230 patients with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) and 242 healthy controls. The Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer (MALDI-TOF-MS) Platform was used to detect five SNPs (rs179247, rs12101255, rs2268475, rs1990595, and rs3783938) in TSHR gene. The frequencies of allele T and TT genotype of rs12101255 in GD patients were significantly increased compared with those of the controls (P=0.004/0.015, OR=1.408/1.446). The allele A frequency of rs3783938 was greater in HT patients than in the controls (P=0.025, OR=1.427). The AT haplotype (rs179247-rs12101255) was associated with an increased risk of GD (P=0.010, OR=1.368). The allele A of rs179247 was associated with ophthalmopathy in GD patients. These data suggest that the polymorphisms of rs12101255 and rs3783938 are associated with GD and HT, respectively.