2013 Volume 60 Issue 12 Pages 1309-1319
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a skeletal disorder with progressive heterotopic ossification in skeletal muscle. A mutation causing constitutive activation in a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) type 1 receptor [ALK2(R206H)] is found in most patients with FOP. However, the details in the heterotopic ossification of muscle in FOP and the role of matrix metalloproteinase-10 (MMP-10) in bone remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the role of MMP-10 in the differentiation of mouse myoblastic C2C12 cells into osteoblasts. MMP-10 was extracted as a factor, whose expression was most extensively enhanced by ALK2 (R206H) transfection in C2C12 cells. MMP-10 significantly augmented the levels of Osterix, type 1 collagen, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and osteocalcin mRNA as well as ALP activity enhanced by BMP-2 in C2C12 cells. Moreover, a reduction in endogenous MMP-10 levels by siRNA significantly decreased the levels of Runx2, Osterix, type 1 collagen, ALP and osteocalcin mRNA enhanced by BMP-2 in these cells. In addition, MMP-10 increased the phosphorylation of Smad1/5/8 as well as enhanced the levels of Smad6 and Smad7 mRNA induced by BMP-2. In conclusion, the present study first demonstrated that MMP-10 promotes the differentiation of myoblasts into osteoblasts by interacting with the BMP signaling pathway. MMP-10 may play some important role in the heterotopic ossification of muscle in FOP.