2014 Volume 61 Issue 6 Pages 641-644
A novel clinical entity related to autoimmune polygladular syndrome (APS) termed “anti–PIT-1 antibody syndrome” is characterized by a presence of circulating autoantibody against the pituitary-specific transcriptional factor-1 (PIT-1) with acquired specific defect in GH, PRL, and TSH. Although autoimmunity to PIT-1 has been suggested, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Sialic acid acetylesterase (SIAE) plays a crucial role in regulating the threshold of autoantibody production of B-cells and the defective variants of SIAE are associated with an increased risk of various autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes (T1DM). To explore the link between anti–PIT-1 antibody syndrome and SIAE, we analyzed SIAE gene in 3 patients with anti–PIT-1 antibody syndrome and 200 healthy control subjects, and compared the prevalence of single nucleotide polymorphisms. Intriguingly, we found A467V SIAE variants (c.1400C>T, rs7941523) in a heterozygous state in all the patients with anti-PIT-1 antibody syndrome, while we detected in 6 % of control subjects, in which the prevalence was significantly increased in the patients (P<0.0005). Considering the physiological function of SIAE and the clinical features of anti-PIT-1 antibody syndrome, present data imply a novel aspect of the pathogenesis in this disease.