2018 Volume 65 Issue 6 Pages 645-655
Early diagnosis and optimal management for steroid 5α-reductase type 2 deficiency (5α-RD2) patients are major challenges for clinicians and mutation analysis for the 5α-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) gene is the golden standard for the diagnosis of the disease. In silico analysis of this enzyme has not been reported due to the lack of appropriate model. Moreover, the histological and pathological changes of the gonads are largely unknown. In the present study, a 5α-RD2 patient born with abnormal external genitalia was studied and mutation analysis for SRD5A2 gene was conducted. Moreover, we constructed the homology modeling of 5α-reductase using SWISS-MODEL, followed by the molecular docking study. Furthermore, immunohistochemical staining of Ki67 for the testes tissue was conducted to investigate the potential pathological characteristics. The patient had male (46, XY) chromosomes but presented female characteristics, and the mutation analysis identified a heterozygotes mutation (p.Q6X, p.R246Q) in SRD5A2 gene. In silico analysis elucidated the potential effect of the mutation on enzyme activity. Immunohistochemical staining for the excised testes showed that 30%–50% of the germ cells were Ki67 positive, which indicated the early neoplastic potential. In conclusion, we analyzed the genotype-phenotype correlations of 5α-RD2 caused by a heterozygotes mutation (p.Q6X, p.R246Q). Importantly, we conducted the homology modeling and molecular docking for the first time, which provided a homology model for further investigations. Immunohistochemical results suggested gonadectomy or testis descent should be performed early for 5α-RD2 patient, as delayed treatment would have maintained the testes in a tumorigenic condition.