2019 Volume 66 Issue 2 Pages 181-186
The extent of thyroidectomy in Graves’ disease remains controversial. In our institution, long-term euthyroidism without thyroxin replacement therapy has been the aim, and it has long been the standard surgical procedure used to treat Graves’ disease in many institutions, including our hospital. Based our several clinical studies, it was concluded that subtotal thyroidectomy is not suitable as a standard surgical procedure for the treatment of Graves’ disease. In 2009, the surgical strategy for Graves’ disease was changed from subtotal thyroidectomy to total thyroidectomy in our hospital. In this study, how surgical complications have changed after this modification was examined. The subjects were 1,476 patients with Graves’ disease treated by thyroidectomy between 2006 and 2014. There were 1,119 females and 357 males with a median age of 39 years. A total of 660 patients underwent bilateral subtotal thyroidectomy (ST group), and 816 patients underwent total thyroidectomy (TT group). Both transient hypocalcemia and prolonged hypocalcemia were observed significantly more frequently in the TT group than in the ST group (p < 0.001). Total thyroidectomy was identified as risk factors for prolonged hypocalcemia on multivariate analysis. In conclusion, total thyroidectomy is a reliable and effective therapy for controlling hyperthyroidism in terms of controlling of hyperthyroidism. However, it should be noted that total thyroidectomy resulted in increased rate of prolonged hypocalcemia. Surgeons should try to reduce the surgical complication rate as much as possible.