Endocrine Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-4540
Print ISSN : 0918-8959
ISSN-L : 0918-8959
ORIGINAL
Common cytokine polymorphisms and predisposition to polycystic ovary syndrome: a meta-analysis
Yunli ZhangLina CheMingyan ZhangJiaoyan He
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2020 Volume 67 Issue 5 Pages 561-567

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Abstract

The results of studies on the relationship between cytokine polymorphisms and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have been controversial. This meta-analysis was thus designed to more precisely assess the relationship between TNF-α/IL-1/IL-6/IL-10 polymorphisms and PCOS by pooling the results of published studies. A search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and CNKI databases turned up 23 studies that were pooled and analyzed in this meta-analysis. The overall results showed that the distributions of TNF-α –238 G/A, TNF-α –857 C/T, and IL-1B –51 C/T polymorphisms among patients and controls differed significantly. Additionally, the distributions of TNF-α –308 G/A and IL-1B –51 C/T polymorphisms among patients and controls from Asian populations differed significantly, whereas the distributions of IL-6 –174 G/C and IL-1A –889 C/T polymorphisms among patients and controls from Caucasian populations also differed significantly. In conclusion, our meta-analysis demonstrated that TNF-α –238 G/A, TNF-α –857 C/T, and IL-1B –51 C/T polymorphisms might influence susceptibility to PCOS in the overall pooled population. Moreover, TNF-α –308 G/A and IL-1B –51 C/T polymorphisms might influence susceptibility to PCOS in Asians, whereas IL-6 –174 G/C and IL-1A –889 C/T polymorphisms might influence susceptibility to PCOS in Caucasians.

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