Endocrine Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-4540
Print ISSN : 0918-8959
ISSN-L : 0918-8959
Effects of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and TGF-β signaling pathway
Hideki KumagaiAkira Sasaki Akira UmemuraKeisuke KakisakaTakeshi IwayaSatoshi S Nishizuka
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2024 Volume 71 Issue 2 Pages 139-152


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) develops as a result of unhealthy lifestyle but improves with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway reportedly contributes to liver fibrosis, mainly in animal experiments. The aim of the present study was to evaluate changes in serum proteins before and after LSG by proteomic analysis and to investigate their association with NAFLD. This study enrolled 36 severely obese patients who underwent LSG at our hospital from January 2020 to April 2022. As a pilot study, proteomic analysis was conducted on six patients using serum collected before and at 6 months after LSG, and significantly fluctuating proteins were extracted. Subsequently, verification by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using collected serum was performed on the remaining 30 patients. The mean weight of enrolled patients was 118.5 kg. Proteomic analysis identified 1,912 proteins, many of which were related to the TGF-β signaling pathway. Among these proteins, we focused on five TGF-β-related proteins: asporin, EMILIN-1, platelet factor-4, serglycin, and thrombospondin-1. Verification by ELISA revealed that asporin (p = 0.006) and thrombospondin-1 (p = 0.043) levels significantly fluctuated before and after LSG. Univariate analysis with a linear regression model showed that aspartate aminotransferase (p = 0.045), asporin (p = 0.011), and thrombospondin-1 (p = 0.022) levels were significantly associated with postoperative liver fibrosis. On multivariate analysis, asporin was an independent prognostic factor for postoperative liver fibrosis (95% confidence interval: 0.114–1.291, p = 0.002). TGF-β-related proteins dramatically fluctuated before and after LSG and were correlated with NAFLD pathogenesis. Asporin may be a useful prognostic marker of liver fibrosis in NAFLD after LSG.

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