Article ID: EJ17-0545
Weight reduction is important in patients with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). In Japanese patients, slight weight reduction is effective for improving the severity of SDB. However, the effect of weight reduction after administration of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor for SDB remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the improvement of SDB from baseline after administration of dapagliflozin (5 mg) once daily for 24 weeks among Japanese patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Thirty Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and SDB were enrolled in a 24-week, prospective, open-label, single-arm, multicentre trial. SDB was defined as at least five 3% oxygen desaturation index (ODI) events per hour, and moderate to severe SDB was defined as at least 15 ODI events per hour. The primary endpoint was the change in 3% ODI between before dapagliflozin administration and at 24 weeks. The prevalence of moderate to severe SDB was 20% in the present study. After administration of dapagliflozin, fasting glucose, HbA1c, aspartate aminotransferase, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and estimated globular filtration rate decreased significantly. The improvement of 3% ODI was observed in patients with moderate to severe SDB but not mild SDB (from 25.0 ± 3.8 at baseline to 18.5 ± 6.1 at 24 weeks, p = 0.017). In conclusion, dapagliflozin might improve moderate to severe SDB but not mild SDB in Japanese patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus.