Article ID: EJ18-0191
Angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8) is a newly discovered adipokine plays an important role in energy homoeostasis, obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although lifestyle modification in obesity and T2D is known to offer metabolic benefits, there is paucity of comprehensive data on change in ANGPTL8. We investigated the effect of lifestyle intervention on ANGPTL8 concentrations. 384 obese/overweight adults with newly diagnosed T2D were randomly assigned (1:1:1) to diet (n = 128), diet + activity (n = 128) or usual care (control, n = 128) groups. All patients received usual care. Besides, the diet group received a calorie-restricted diet aiming for a weight loss of 5–10%. The diet + activity group additionally received a pedometer-based walking program. Primary outcome was change in ANGPTL8 concentration at 6 months. Data were analyzed according to intention-to-treat. From baseline to 6 months, the median ANGPTL8 level changed from 804.38 pg/mL to 792.86 pg/mL in control group. Compared with control, ANGPTL8 decreased with diet (baseline-adjusted between-group difference was –121.00 pg/mL, 95% CI –177.47 to –64.53; p < 0.0001) and diet + activity (–126.16 pg/mL, –181.21 to –71.11; p < 0.0001). There was no greater effect of diet + activity compared with diet (–5.16 pg/mL, –53.63 to 43.31; p = 0.8348). Both effects disappeared after adjusting for change in body fat, but did not differ significantly when adjusting for physical activity. A 6-month intervention inducing weight loss by a calorie-restricted diet or diet + activity, resulted in significant decrease on ANGPTL8 concentration. These effects were established by change in total body fat, and not by change in physical activity.