Article ID: EJ19-0617
This phase 2, single-arm, open-label, dose-titration, multicenter study evaluated osilodrostat (11β-hydroxylase inhibitor) in Japanese patients with endogenous Cushing’s syndrome (CS) caused by adrenal tumor/hyperplasia or ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone syndrome. The primary endpoint was percent change from baseline to week 12 in mean urinary free cortisol (mUFC) at the individual patient level. Of the nine patients enrolled in the study, seven completed the 12-week core treatment period and two discontinued at or prior to week 12 due to adverse events (AEs). Of the seven patients who completed 12 weeks of study treatment, two completed 48 weeks of study treatment. Median osilodrostat exposure was 12 weeks. Median (range) average dose including dose interruption (0 mg/day) was 2.143 (1.16–7.54) mg/day. Median (range, population) percentage change in mUFC was –94.47% (–99.0% to –52.6%, n = 7) at week 12. At week 12, 6/9 patients were complete responders (mUFC ≤ upper limit of normal [ULN]) and 1/9 was a partial responder (mUFC > ULN but decreased by ≥50% from baseline). Most frequent AEs were adrenal insufficiency (n = 7), gamma-glutamyl transferase increase, malaise, and nasopharyngitis (n = 3 each). Serious AEs were seen in four patients. No deaths occurred in this study. In conclusion, osilodrostat treatment led to a reduction in mUFC in all nine patients with endogenous CS other than Cushing’s disease (CD), regardless of disease type, with >80% reduction seen in 6/7 patients at week 12. The safety profile was consistent with previous reports in CD patients, and the reported AEs were manageable.