1996 Volume 43 Issue 4 Pages 423-428
To analyze how the synthesis and release of glycosylated PRL (G-PRL) is regulated, we transfected human PRL complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) into three different cell lines consisting of GH3 cells that originated in rat pituitary tissue, Chinese hamster ovary cells, and COS-1 cells generated from monkey renal tissue. 35S-labeled PRLs produced by the cells were immunoprecipitated with anti-human PRL antiserum, and the ratios of G-PRL to total PRL were compared. PRLs of 23kDa and 25kDa were detected in the cell lysate and medium. The 25-kDa PRL was confirmed to be a glycosylated form by endoglycosidase treatments. The ratios of G-PRL/total PRL were 0.17-0.33, which were similar in lysates and media and among different cell lines. Pulse-chasee xperiments revealed that the autonomaous secretion rates of G-PRL and non-glycosylated PRL were almost identical. These results indicate that synthesis and secretion kinetics of human PRL may not be affected by its glycosylation in the cells transfected with PRL cDNA.