日本EU学会年報
Online ISSN : 1884-2739
Print ISSN : 1884-3123
ISSN-L : 1884-3123
ドイツ統一における格差是正政策と公益基金共同体 Parafisci -共同体の再編と構造改革, その欧州連合における位置-
小野田 摂子
著者情報
ジャーナル フリー

2006 年 2006 巻 26 号 p. 334-368,443

詳細
抄録

After the reunification, East Germany entered a period of social instability through the collapse of state economy, actually, it was not caused by the collapse of state socialism. The data of the invested money in factories, Treuhandanstalt, education, job security in Germany shows much evidence that the transformation of eastern Germany is still ongoing and in need of assistance and assessment. During this period of high unemployment and economic turmoil in Germany, a wholesale forced adaptation and re-masculination of labor have occurred. Furthermore, the allocation of training places and quality of ‘reform’ has considerably remained gender- and region-specific. The transformation policy, starting with the national project, has caused much greater differentials and disparity, especially, as a form of double standard. This provoked the disputes over financial affairs, distribution of wealth and structural unemployment in Germany.
When two or more disputes overlap, the feelings of hostility and hate leave communities and the psyches of their members deeply traumatized. Viewed in a practical light, the existence of a gulf between the eastern-western disputants implies that new steps must be taken to bridge or fill this gap. To be sure, developed countries including Germany in EU era, possess certain means of mitigating troubles such as massive financial assistance. At the same time, however, they have always caused latent confrontations to surface because of their structural defects of capitalism.
Developed countries in Europe have made a fortune and prosperity on the basis of unequal trade and/or certain differential systems. The most important problem is, however, when and how they do address the own structural reform in prosperity and build the welfare-oriented economic system. The problem of social changes and turbulence in Germany should not merely be regarded as the shifts from eastern to western, socialism to capitalism. Beyond this simplified aspect, we must see the essential proposition: community restructuring or community rehabilitation in Germany. Since, the parafisci, as the measures for establishment new relationship between eastern-western communities, as well as the common factors in European Union, have a possibility of overcoming the structural defects of conventional reform policy conducted by developed countries.

著者関連情報
© 日本EU学会
前の記事 次の記事
feedback
Top