2000 年 49 巻 4 号 p. 289-294
The present study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between the emotionality and the modulation of ultrasonic vocalizations in Tsukuba High Emotional (THE) and Tsukuba Low Emotional (TLE) strain rat pups 3-18 days old. The THE pups, while isolated from their dam and littermates and placed in a cold environment, emitted ultrasonic isolation calls at a high rate until day 15. In contrast, ultrasound production was at a consistently low level throughout the test period in the TLE pups. The ultrasonic isolation calls of THE pups were attenuated to the same level as those of the TLE pups after administration of diazepam (1 mg/kg, sc), a benzodiazepine receptor agonist, at 6 and 12 days of age. These findings suggest that the high emotionality of the rat pups was reflected largely by the emission of ultrasounds in response to isolation distress rather than the number of the benzodiazepine receptors in the brain that might play a role in physiologic mediation of the rat pup isolation call.