2000 年 49 巻 4 号 p. 295-299
Strain-specific differences contributing to spontaneous age-related peripheral nerve changes were examined in three different strains of 100-week-old female mice housed under the same conditions over the same period: inbred C57BL and C3H strains, and the hybrid B6C3F1 strain. A lower incidence of obesity and significantly lower body weight, grasping power of fore- and hind-limbs, blood lipid level, tail-flick latency and motor nerve conduction velocity were observed in C57BL mice; significantly lower body temperature, blood glucose and HbA1c levels were observed in C3H mice. Histological examination conducted on isolated sciatic nerves and brachial plexuses revealed peripheral nerve lesions, characterized by axonal degeneration and remyelination, in all strains. Although the extent of histopathologic change in nerve fibers was similar in quality to those observed in all three mouse strains, the incidence and severity of nerve lesions in B6C3F1 and C3H mice were significantly greater than those observed in C57BL mice.