Genes & Genetic Systems
Online ISSN : 1880-5779
Print ISSN : 1341-7568
ISSN-L : 1341-7568
Regulation of spermatogenic stem cell homeostasis by mitogen competition in an open niche microenvironment
Yu KitadateShosei Yoshida
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ジャーナル オープンアクセス 早期公開

論文ID: 21-00062

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Continuity of spermatogenesis in mammals is underpinned by spermatogenic (also called spermatogonial) stem cells (SSCs) that self-renew and differentiate into sperm that pass on genetic information to the next generation. Despite the fundamental role of SSCs, the mechanisms underlying SSC homeostasis are only partly understood. During homeostasis, the stem cell pool remains constant while differentiating cells are continually produced to replenish the lost differentiated cells. One of the outstanding questions here is how self-renewal and differentiation of SSCs are balanced to achieve a constant self-renewing pool. In this review, we shed light on the regulatory mechanism of SSC homeostasis, with focus on the recently proposed mitogen competition model in a facultative (or open) niche microenvironment.

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© 2022 by The Author(s)

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https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
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