Japanese Journal of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy
Online ISSN : 2187-3305
Print ISSN : 2186-3741
ISSN-L : 2186-3741
Investigation Social Withdrawal about Community-dwelling Elderly
­Characteristic of Physical Fitness Levels, Body Composition, and Cognitive/Psychophysiological Functions­
Kayoko ShiraiwaShin MurataTeppei AbikoHideki NakanoAkio GoudaKoji NonakaHiroaki IwaseJun Horie
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2020 Volume 9 Issue 4 Pages 195-200


The physical functions, body composition, and cognitive/mental functions of 245 (50 males and 195 females) community-dwelling elderly people participating in a physical fitness measurement program were examined, focusing on social withdrawal. Among males, the TUG score and walking speed were significantly higher in the non-social than in social withdrawal group (p<0.05). As for body composition, the non-social withdrawal groupʼs values, representing their muscle mass, body water, protein, and bone mineral contents, and basal metabolism, were more favorable than those of the social withdrawal group (p<0.05). Conversely, the number of those with depressive tendencies was significantly larger in the social withdrawal than non-social withdrawal group. On comparing physical functions among females, the non-social withdrawal groupʼs handgripstrength level, TUG score, and walking speed were higher than those of the social withdrawal group (p<0.05). However, unlike in the case of males, neither the body composition nor psychophysiological functions significantly varied between the 2 groups, revealing sex differences in the impact of social withdrawal.

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© 2020 Japan Society of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy

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